These sieves are made available in the form of beads, pellets and powder foam that can be used for ethanol dehydration, natural gas adsorption and purification process. When we talk about high water adsorption capacity, strong crushing structure, high mass transmission efficiency, these sieves are the best choice. These adsorbents have more than one cyclic process times and more durability involving regeneration features improves more efficiency and longtime adsorption capacity with having more effective then activated alumina and silica gel.
These desiccants have a high adsorption quality. This quality is bought by the intricate network of pores and also empty cavities in which moisture can be absorbed. These sieves are available in various configurations like 3X, 4X, 5X, 10X. The higher the numerical value, the better is the moisture absorbing capacity. Molecular sieve 3a is the potassium based molecules having opening pore size about 3Ao of “A” type crystalline structure and also it cannot absorb any molecules more than its pore size. The chemical name of this desiccant is synthetic sodium potassium or calcium aluminosilicate.
These desiccants find extensive use in various commercial and industrial processes. Molecular sieves are used in dehydration of many kinds of liquids like ethanol. It is also used in the separation and purification of these liquids. Oil purification is another such area where these sieves are used extensively. These are also used in olefin drying. The feed that comes from polymer plant is also dried using molecular sieves. It is also recommended for drying unsaturated hydrocarbons and highly polar compounds such as methanol and ethanol. The molecular sieve 3a structure is particularly effective in dehydrating the inner space of insulating glass windows as well as refrigerant gases. The moisture absorbing property of these sieves is also very effective in dehydration of cracked gas, ethylene, ethyne, propylene, butadiene, natural gas or methane, oxygen remove from air and also the air itself. It is also used in drying N2-H2 mixtures made by cracking of ammonia.