Saturday, 4 March 2017

Molecular Sieve Pellets/Beads for Effective Solvent Drying




Molecular Sieve- A Brief Introduction

Molecular Sieves, like Silica Gel, are well-known desiccants used mainly for removing vapour molecules from oil, liquid and natural gas streams. Available in balls, beads and pellet form, these desiccants are nowadays more preferred to Silica Gel and Activated Alumina because they can absorb humidity molecules in a better manner. Molecular Sieves are also economically viable as they can take in more moisture molecules in lesser period of time and this helps in saving money.

Molecular Sieves are much in demand due to their uniform pore crystalline structure. This added with their large surface area speeds up the absorption process to a large extent. Molecular Sieves work by using the size exclusion principle. When water molecules come in contact with the Molecular Sieve, only those molecules which fit into the pores are absorbed while the larger molecules pass through. The pore size of Molecular Sieves are in the range of 3,4,5 and 10 Angstroms. When the absorption process is going on depending on the pore size, the water molecules will be absorbed or move forward. This is one of the biggest benefits of using Molecular Sieves as desiccants for removing water vapour.

The main difference while using Molecular Sieve and other desiccants like Silica Gel and Activated Alumina is that in Molecular Sieves, the absorbed molecules get trapped while in the others, the absorbed molecules are free to move away. This is why when Molecular Sieves are used, the water molecules are retained in the pores, freeing the remaining area of moisture. 

Molecular Sieves pellets are widely used in drying oil and liquid gas streams and solvent drying because this desiccant can hold 22% of its own weight in water. Molecular Sieve beads also witness much demand because their absorption qualities are much superior to other desiccants. These qualities include adsorption possible based on molecular size, molecular affinity for the sieve crystal surface and finally the shape of the molecule.

Molecular Sieve Beads/Pellets in Solvent Drying

Among all the Molecular Sieves beads in use, the Molecular Sieve type 3A is generally used to dry dehydration solvents for electron microscopy. The solvents, which are generally made free from moisture molecules are the most commonly used ones like acetone, ethanol, and methanol. They are generally used in electron microscopy embedding work using epoxy resins, so it becomes very important that they have no traces of moisture in them. This is where the role of Moisture Sieve Beads and Pellets become crucial as they will remove all the traces of humidity from the solvents. What better way of solvent drying that Moisture Sieve beads and pellets.

When the bottles containing the solvents are opened, there are chances that they will pick up moisture from the surroundings so that is why Molecular Sieves are used to dry up the solvents. These dried solvents are used in the final stages of dehydration and embedding. The solvent and the water will be quickly adsorbed onto the molecular sieve surfaces as the small pores can only access the smaller water molecules.





Tuesday, 14 February 2017

Molecular Sieve 13X for Effective Humidity Control

Molecular Sieves - An Introduction

Molecular Sieves are one of the most commonly found desiccants. With their evenly-sized pores, they can absorb moisture/impurity molecules, which are of the same size. Due to the even size, larger molecules will not be absorbed while the same sized small molecules can easily make their way through.

While Molecular Sieves have many different uses, they are mainly utilized in the column chromatography process. Here the Molecular Sieves act as a stationary phase, attracting the different components of the mixture, which has to be separated. When the chromatography process begins, the components having the highest molecular weight will leave the Molecular Sieve bed first. This happens because the heavier molecules are unable to pass through the molecular pores. It is only after the larger molecules move that the smaller molecules will move forward. Molecular Sieves also find use as desiccants.


Molecular Sieve 13X in Moisture Controlling

There are various grades of Molecular Sieves available in the market. These include Molecular Sieve 3A, 4A, 5A and 13X among others. While all these grades of Molecular Sieves are useful for different purposes, Molecular Sieve 13X is mainly used for the effective control of moisture in packaging, oil and gas and other sectors. The Molecular Sieve 13X is known to have a pore size opening equal to that of the 10A grade. This makes it handy in while removing moisture from liquid and gas refinements as it helps in the effective absorption for bi-molecule and tri-molecules.

There are many other reasons as well why Molecular Sieve 13X is used across industries. Molecular Sieve 13X can effectively co-adsorb CO2 and H2O, H2O and H2S. Molecular Sieve 13X also finds use as a desiccant for medical and compressor uses. This type of desiccant is also used as a catalyze carrier in industries.

Other than effective moisture control, Molecular Sieve 13X is also widely used in the air refining process by removing carbon dioxide and water. It is employed in the Oxygen PSA (Pressure Swing Adsorption) process. One can also effectively use Molecular Sieve 13X desiccant for the successful removal of grease and solvents from different substances.This is one of the most popular uses of Molecular Sieve 13X Other uses include removal of mercaptans and hydrogen sulphide from natural gas using patented Zeochem technology and effective removal of mercaptans and hydrogen sulphide from hydrocarbon liquids.


All these uses prove the high efficiency of Molecular Sieve 13X in not only moisture control but other areas as well

Tuesday, 27 December 2016

Molecular Sieve Adsorbents for Effective CO2 Removal

What are Molecular Sieve Adsorbents?

When we think of adsorbents, the first thing that comes to mind is Silica Gel. This, however, is not the only adsorbent being used by companies to remove moisture from closed spaces. Molecular Sieve Adsorbents are high-quality desiccants, which are equally effective in maintaining optimum humidity levels. Molecular Sieve Adsorbents are basically crystalline alumino-silicates, commonly known as zeolites.

They are manufactured in such a manner that they have a porous crystalline structure. These pores can re-adsorb water or other polar molecules. With the help of strong ionic forces or electrostatic fields (which are due to the presence of cations such as sodium, calcium and potassium) and with enormous internal surface area of around 1‘000 m2 /g, molecular sieves can take in a large amount of water or other compounds. If the fluid, which is to be adsorbed is a polar compound, it can be adsorbed with high loading, even during very low concentrations of the contaminants. Molecular sieves adsorbents are therefore capable of removing many gas or liquid impurities to very low levels (ppm or less). Another popular positive factor about Molecular Sieve Adsorbents is that they can separate gases or liquids by molecular size or polarity. This is largely made possible by the fact that the pore openings of the Molecular Sieve Adsorbents have the same size as a wide range of products. As the water molecule size is smaller than the Molecular Sieve Adsorbents size, they will be easily absorbed thus maintaining optimum moisture levels.

Molecular Sieve Adsorbents for Carbon Dioxide Adsorption

One may think that Molecular Sieve Adsorbents are only used for water vapour adsorption. That is, however, not the only thing it is used for. Molecular Sieve Adsorbents are utilized for adsorption of other compounds as well. One of them is Carbon Dioxide. Molecular Sieve for CarbonDioxide removal is very common among companies.

For obtaining an adsorbent with typical molecular sieve properties one makes use of thermal processing of granulated carbonaceous material at temperatures of 970-980 degree Celsius. This is usually done in the presence of gases to prevent the oxidation of the carbon material. At temperatures of around −196° C, the adsorption takes place in its micro-pores, whereas nitrogen and argon are taken in at the same temperature at the surface of transitional pores and macro-pores only.


It is mainly oil and natural gas companies, which make use of Molecular Sieve Adsorbents to remove carbon dioxide. It is mainly used to remove CO2 from stream cracked gas, Liquid Petroleum Gas and different atmospheric gases. Mainly, Molecular Sieve 3A and 4A is preferred for the above mentioned purposes.

There are many reasons why Adsorbents 3A and 4A are widely used for carbon dioxide removal. The first being these adsorbents have a high and very rapid adsorption rate. Another factor is that molecular sieve adsorbents are known to have a consistent adsorption speed and have a higher contamination resistance. All these factors make Molecular Sieve adsorbents the ideal substance for removing carbon dioxide from oil and natural gas industries. 

Monday, 25 January 2016

Molecular Sieve 5A – How Are They So Beneficial?

Molecular Sieve – An Introduction

Just like Silica Gel and Activated Alumina, Molecular Sieve is another widely used adsorbent. Molecular Sieve is made up of numerous even-sized pores, which have the same diameter. These pores are designed in such a manner that only small molecules can pass through while the larger molecules will be left behind as they cannot be absorbed. Molecular Sieves mainly find use as desiccants in petroleum and natural gas industries, waste water treatment plants among others. Usually, the diameter of a molecular sieve is measured in terms of angstroms or nanometers. Molecular Sieves are available in different sizes like 3A, 4A, 5A, 10X, 13X and 13X-AS.

Molecular Sieve 5A

In this article, we will take a closer look at the Molecular Sieve 5A adsorbent. This type of Molecular Sieve consists of an alkali alumina silicate carbon manufactured as a Type A crystal structure. As the name suggests, this Molecular Sieve has a pore size of 5A or 5 angstrom. Water molecules having a pore size lesser than 5A like 3A and 4A are automatically adsorbed by this Molecular Sieve while those bigger than 5A are left behind. Materials with diameters larger than 5A include ISO compounds and different types of 4-carbon rings. They are generally not adsorbed by the 5A grade of Molecular Sieve.

Uses of Molecular Sieve 5A

The main use of Molecular Sieve 5A is in the liquid and natural gas industry. Molecular Sieve 5A is employed in the purification and separation of liquids and natural gases. This type of Molecular Sieve is perfect for splitting up normal and isomerous alkanes. It is used in adsorbing water vapour, carbon dioxide and other impurities from gas streams. The pressure swing for these gases can also be adjusted with the help of Molecular Sieve 5A. 

Another important utilization of Molecular Sieve 5A is in finding out the correct composition using volume, density, water content, strength and many other chemical compositions. 

Benefits of Using Molecular Sieve 5A

Molecular Sieve 5A
There are many benefits of using Molecular Sieve 5A. The first is that it can be regenerated by simply heating up to 200-300 degree Celsius. As it can be regenerated, this Molecular Sieve can be used again and again. This helps in saving money as well as time. Another advantage is that Molecular Sieve 5A is the best sieve for the purification of medical oxygen generator. The latter functions better with the help of Molecular Sieve 5A. 

Wednesday, 21 October 2015

5A Molecular Sieves For Hydrogen Production about Desiccant and Zeolites

A desiccant is a substance which is mainly used in absorbing water. It is widely used in excluding humidity which usually degrades and damages the products that are sensitive to moisture.

A desiccant is a substance which contains the properties of hygroscopic nature. One of the vital characteristics of a desiccant is that it is a low surface vapour pressure. When the desiccant is dry and cool, its surface vapour pressure becomes low and it can attract moisture from air, especially when it is moist and pressure vapour is high. When the desiccant becomes hot and wet, its surface vapour pressure reaches its highest point and excludes water vapour to the surrounding of the air.

Zeolites are a volcanic kind of rock which are consisted of hydrated aluminosilicates of the alkali metals of the earth. Zeolites comprise of three dimensional frameworks of crystals of alumina, anions, or tetrahedrite silica which are strongly bonded from all the corners.

When the level of humidity in the air stream decreases below the saturation point of the zeolite, it starts to release moisture back into the air stream. Hence, it does not eliminate moisture completely. But it only retains or release the moisture, depending on the relative level of humidity of the air stream and the saturation point of the zeolite.

Molecular Sieve For Hydrogen Purification:

Molecular Sieve For Hydrogen Purification
The role of "molecular sieve for hydrogen purification" is that it helps in producing hydrogen which does not occur till the end of stream-methane process of reformation. Before the molecular sieve is made in use, the feed stock which looks more or less like a natural gas, has to undergo a process of hydrodesulfurization, a reformation of stream process, a process of heat recovery and a CO conversion process. The afore mentioned process-especially will further breakdown the complex form of structure of molecular feed-stock, preparing it for the last stage for purification of hydrogen.

Hydrogen Purification With The Help of 5A Molecules:

5A molecules are specialized in the separation of straight and chained-like form of hydrocarbons from one another. 13X molecular sieve is proficient in the exclusion of any additional CO2 or NH3, if found anywhere. At this point, it will count upon the materials used during the feed stock. There are more than 200 hydrogen which produces plants in the world which are listed in the link mentioned below. Hydrogen plays a pivotal role in many scientific and industrial applications in making the agent pure.

Applications:

It is applied in petroleum gas which is mainly liquid in form and is used in natural gas process.


It is used on the basis of the required amount of purification and specification.


The production of oxygen and hydrogen is depending mainly on the swing of the pressure in the process of adsorption.

Tuesday, 14 July 2015

Molecular Sieve for Naphtha Drying

Naphtha is a hydrocarbon distillate which is the remaining from the process of coal tar or refining petroleum. It is a multifaceted mixture of chemicals that is broken down and converted into other chemicals from catalytic reforming or steam cracking.

Molecular Sieves


Molecular Sieve for Naphtha Drying
Molecular sieves are defined as a material that comprises very minute pores that have a similar size and shape. Because of this property, the smaller molecules of another material can easily pass through, but the larger molecules are blocked just like a sieve. This uniformity in its structure makes this material a great desiccant. In fact, some common examples of this would be activated charcoal/carbon or silica gel. These materials are used as desiccants for gases and liquids adsorbents that have tremendous capacity of adsorption than activated alumina and silica gel desiccant. It is extremely effective at removing water from liquid and gases. 

molecular sieve offers a variety of adsorption capacity based on molecular size, sieve crystal surface and shape of the molecule. It is most popular moisture adsorbing solution in industries because of superior adsorption efficiency compared to other moisture adsorption system.

Molecular sieve for naphtha drying are desorbed and hydrocarbons are dehydrogenated and used as desorbing agents.

The present invention relates to the preparation of high octane motor fuel sand more particularly relates to an improved process for upgrading naphtha for use as a blending stock in the preparation of high octane gasoline.

Present octane levels require the use of large quantities of relatively high octane blending stocks such as catalytic naphtha, polymer gasoline, hydrogenate and the like and permit the inclusion of much lesser amounts of light virgin naphtha than were formerly used in gasoline blending. This trendy away from the use of light virgin naphtha as a blending stock has created surpluses of such naphtha at many refineries.

The process of the invention may be further said -by considering a typical application of the process in a commercial refinery processing

The product naphtha fraction obtained from the process has the following composition and octane values:

Table II Component B./D. Vol. RON RON-H5 Percent Clear cc. TEL
Isoparains and Cyclics- 6, 200 72 87. 1 100 Olenn 2, 424 28 96. 7 100. 3 8, 624 100 90. 5 100. 1